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8.1 Promotion of marathi and sanskrit ( Veer shivaji )

8.1 Promotion of marathi and sanskrit
            ( Veer shivaji )



Though Persian was a common courtly language in the region, Shivaji replaced it with Marathi in his own court, and emphasised Hindu political and courtly traditions.The house of Shivaji was well acquainted with Sanskrit and promoted the language; his father Shahaji had supported scholars such as Jayram Pindye, who prepared Shivaji's seal. Shivaji continued this Sanskrit promotion, giving his forts names such as Sindhudurg, Prachandgarh, and Suvarndurg. He named the Ashta Pradhan (council of ministers) as per Sanskrit nomenclature with terms such as nyayadhish, and senapat, and commissioned the political treatise Rajyavyavahar Kosh. His rajpurohit, Keshav Pandit, was himself a Sanskrit scholar and poet.

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Allauddin Khilji, waiting for Rani Padmavati (part 8)

Allauddin Khilji, waiting for Rani Padmavati






It is said that lust and greed take the wisdom of the mind. This is what happened with Alauddin Khilji. When Chitador Fort opened the doors one after another, hundreds of guardians started to come out instead of one. When it was asked why so many parents were with it, then Allauddin Khilji was replied that this is a special convoy of Queen Padmavati who always goes with her. Alauddin Khilji Rani was so fascinated by Padmavati that he did not even consider it necessary to check that all the guardians stopped and saw that they are actually slaves in them. And in this way, a complete fighter squadron of Chittor came out of the fort in the women's disguise. In a short time, Alauddin Khilji, separated the palanquin from Rani Padmavati and wanted to dilute the curtain and showcase them. So Rajput Senapura Gaura out of that, and he attacked. Chittoor soldiers also attacked at that time and in the confusions there, Badal liberated Raja Raval R…

2.4 Siege of Panhala and Battle of Pavan Khind

2.4 Siege of Panhala and Battle of Pavan Khind















In 1660, Adilshah sent his general Siddi Jauhar to attack Shivaji's southern border, in alliance with the Mughals who planned to attack from the north. At that time, Shivaji was encamped at Panhala fort near present-day Kolhapur with his forces. Siddi Jauhar's army besieged Panhala in mid-1660, cutting off supply routes to the fort. During the bombardment of Panhala, Siddhi Jahuar had purchased grenades from the British at Rajapur to increase his efficacy, and also hired some English artillerymen to bombard the fort, conspicuously flying a flag used by the English. This perceived betrayal angered Shivaji, who in December would exact revenge by plundering the English factory at Rajapur and capturing four of the factors, imprisoning them until mid-1663. Accounts vary as to the end of the siege, with some accounts stating that Shivaji escaped from the encircled fort and withdrew to Ragna, following which Ali Adil Shah personally came …

Rani Padmavati part 7

Rani Padmavati, Chauhan Rajput Senapati Gaura and Cloud Tactics








Rani Padmavati, Gaura and Badal, together with a plan to make the  king of Chittor state free from the capture of Alauddin Khilji, made  a plan. Under this scheme, it was to send the message to Alauddin
 Khilji, outside the fort, that Rani Padmavati was ready to surrender
 and agreed to come out of the fort sitting in the palanquin. And 
then in the palanquin, Rani Padmavati and hundreds of her maidens 
should be sent to warrior warrior in the women's racket and attack 
the army of Delhi present outside, and in this raid, Raja Raval 
Ratna Singh should be freed from Alauddin Khilji's imprisonment.


2.3. BATTLE of kolhapur

2.3 Battle of kolhapur






To counter the loss at Pratapgad and to defeat the newly emerging Maratha power, another army, this 

time numbering over 10,000, was sent against Shivaji, commanded by Bijapur's Abyssinian general 


Rustamjaman. With a cavalry force of 5,000 Marathas, Shivaji attacked them near Kolhapur on 28 


December 1659. In a swift movement, Shivaji led a full frontal attack at the center of the enemy 


forces while two other portions of his cavalry attacked the flanks. This battle lasted for several hours 


and at the end Bijapuri forces were soundly defeated and Rustamjaman fled the battlefield. Adilshahi 


forces lost about 2,000 horses and 12 elephants to the Marathas. This victory alarmed Aurangazeb,


 who now derisively referred to Shivaji as the Mountain Rat, and prepared to address this rising 


Maratha threat.



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2.2. { BATTLE OF PRATAPGARH }

( 2.2. ) BATTLE   OF  PRATAPGARH .                            
           {Veer shivaji} 





In the ensuing Battle of Pratapgarh fought on 10 November 1659, Shivaji's forces decisively defeated the Bijapur Sultanate's forces.The agile Maratha infantry and cavalry inflicted rapid strikes on Bijapuri units, attacked the Bijapuri cavalry before it was prepared for battle, and pursued retreating troops toward Wai. More than 3,000 soldiers of the Bijapur army were killed and two sons of Afzal Khan were taken as prisoners. This unexpected and unlikely victory made Shivaji a hero of Maratha folklore and a legendary figure among his people. The large quantities of captured weapons, horses, armour and other materials helped to strengthen the nascent and emerging Maratha army. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb now identified Shivaji as a major threat to the mighty Mughal Empire. Soon thereafter Shivaji, Shahaji and Netaji Palkar (the chief of the Maratha cavalry) decided to attack and defeat t…

2.1 COMBAT WITH AFZAL KHAN. {VEER SHIVAJI}

2.1 COMBAT WITH AFZAL KHAN


{Veer shivaji}

In 1659, Adilshah sent Afzal Khan, an experienced and veteran general to destroy Shivaji in an effort to put down what he saw as a regional revolt. The two met in a hut at the foothills of Pratapgad fort on 10 November 1659. The arrangements had dictated that each come armed only with a sword, and attended by a follower. Shivaji, either suspecting Afzal Khan would attack him or secretly planning to attack, wore armour beneath his clothes, concealed a bagh nakh (metal "tiger claw") on his left arm, and had a dagger in his right hand.Accounts vary on whether Shivaji or Afzal Khan struck the first blow the Maratha chronicles accuse Afzal Khan of treachery, while the Persian-language chronicles attribute the treachery to Shivaji.In the fight, Afzal Khan's dagger was stopped by Shivaji's armour, and Shivaji's weapons inflicted mortal wounds on the general; Shivaji then signalled his hidden troops to launch the assault on the Bi…

Rani padmavati part 6

Alauddin Khilji gives cheating






According to the condition, Maharaj of Chittor gave alauddin khaliji a mirror of Rani Padmavati in the mirror and then feeding Alauddin Khilji with all his guests, crossed the seven gate of Chittoor fort with the entire Mahim Nawazi and left himself to leave to his army. Taking advantage of this opportunity, the cunning Alauddin Khilji captured Raja Raval Ratna Singh and imprisoned in his camp outside the fort. After this the message was sent that -

If Maharaj Raval Ratna Singh is to see alive, then Rani Padmavati should be sent immediately out of the fort in Khyamdid of Alauddin Khilji






2.CONFLICT WITH ADILSHAHI SULTANATE

2.CONFLICT WITH ADILSHAHI SULTANATE .








{Veer shivaji}

In 1645, the 15-year-old Shivaji bribed or persuaded the Bijapuri commander of the Torna Fort, Inayat Khan, to hand over the possession of the fort to him. Firangoji Narsala, who held the Chakan fort professed his loyalty to Shivaji and the fort of Kondana was acquired by bribing the Adilshahi governor.On 25 July 1648, Shahaji was imprisoned by Baji Ghorpade under the orders of the current Adilshah, Mohammed Adil Shah, in a bid to contain Shivaji. Accounts vary, with some saying Shahaji was conditionally released in 1649 after Shivaji and Sambhaji surrendered the forts of Kondana, Bangalore and Kandarpi,others saying he was imprisoned until 1653 or 1655; during this period Shivaji maintained a low profile.After his release, Shahaji retired from public life, and died around 1664–1665 during a hunting accident. Following his father's death, Shivaji resumed raiding, seizing the kingdom of Javali from a neighbouring Maratha chieftain …

1.1 UPBRINGING (पालन पोषण )

1.1 UPBRINGING (पालन -पोषण )




Shivaji was extremely devoted to his mother Jijabai, who was deeply religious. This religious environment had a great impact on Shivaji, and he carefully studied the two great Hindu epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata; these were to influence his lifelong defence of Hindu values. Throughout his life he was deeply interested in religious teachings, and regularly sought the company of Hindu and Sufi saints. Shahaji, meanwhile had married a second wife, Tuka Bai of the Mohite family, and moved to Karnataka to lead a military campaign on behalf of Adilshahi. He left Shivaji and Jijabai in his Pune holdings in the care of his administrator, Dadoji Konddeo. Dadoji Konddeo made significant contributions in teaching Shivaji basic fighting techniques such as horse riding, archery and marksmanship, patta and others.The boy was a keen outdoorsman, but had little formal education, and was likely illiterate. Shivaji drew his earliest trusted comrades and a large number of h…

1. VEER SHIVAJI (EARLY LIFE) जीवन गाथा

VEER SHIVAJI   (EARLY LIFE)






Shivaji was born in the hill-fort of shivneri, near the city of junnar in Pune district around the year 1630. The Government of Maharashtra accepts 19 February,1630 as his birthdate ; other suggested dates include  6 April 1627 or other dates near this day.Per legend, his mother named him shivaji in honour of the goddess shivai, to whom she had prayed for a healthy child. Shivaji was named after this local deity. Shivaji's father Shahaji bhonsle was Maratha general who served the Deccan Sultanates. His mother was jijabai, the daughter of Lakhujirao Jadhav of Sindkhed (Sindkhed Raja).At the time of shivaji's birth, the power in Deccan was shared by three lslamic sultanates: Bijapur, Ahmednager, and Golconda. Shivaji often changed his loyalty  between Adilshah of Bijapur and the Mughals, but always kept his small army with him.
1.1UPBRINGING (पालन पोषण )click hear
2. CONFLICT WITH ADILSHAHI SULTANATE ( click hear ).
2.1 COMBAT WITH AFZAL KHAN  (click hea…

VEER SHIVAAJI SUMMARY

VEER SHIVAAJI  (SUMMARY)



shivaji bhonsle (marathi)- छत्रपति शिवाजीराजे भोसले ;(1627/1630 -3 April 1680) was an indian warrior king and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan. Shivaji carved out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur that formed the genesis of the maratha Empire in 1674,he was formally crowned as the chhatrapati (Monarch) of his realm at Raigad. Shivaji established a competent and progressive civil rule with the help of disciplined military and well-structured administrative organisations. He innovated military tactics, pioneering the guerrilla warfare methods (Shiva sutra of ganimi kava),which leveraged strategic factors like geography, speed and surprise and focused pinpoint attacks to defeat his larger and more powerful enemies. From a small contingent of 2000 soldiers inherited from his father, shivaji created a force of 100,000 soldiers; he built and restored strategically located forts both inland and coastal to safeguard his territory. He revi…

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